PostgreSQL, also known as Postgres, is a free and open-source relational database management system emphasizing extensibility and SQL compliance. It is designed to handle a range of workloads, from single machines to data warehouses or Web services with many concurrent users. It is the default database for macOS Server, and is also available for Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, and Windows.
Postgres is known for its reliability, data integrity, and robustness. It supports a wide variety of data types, including JSON and arrays, and allows users to define their own data types, index types, and functions. It also supports both traditional and modern authentication methods, including password-based authentication, LDAP, and SSL/TLS.
Postgres is popular for its feature set, which includes support for transactions, triggers, stored procedures, views, and materialized views. It also supports full-text search, geospatial data types and functions, and real-time data replication.
There are many front-end tools that can be used to manage a Postgres database. Here are a few popular ones:
- DataGrip: This is a cross-platform database management tool developed by JetBrains. It supports Postgres, as well as a wide range of other database management systems. It includes
features such as a SQL editor, database visualization tools, and integration with version control systems.
- DBeaver: This is an open-source, cross-platform database management tool that supports Postgres, as well as many other databases. It includes features such as a SQL editor, data visualization tools, and support for database exports and imports.
- DB-Views: This is a web-based database management tool that supports Postgres, as well as many other databases. It includes data visualization including combined views of related data fields from different databases and different servers. It supports in-place data editing and multi-step data entry forms.
- Navicat: This is a commercial database management tool that supports Postgres, as well as a wide range of other databases. It includes features such as a visual query builder, data modeling tools, and support for data synchronization.
- pgAdmin: This is a web-based management tool that is included with Postgres. It provides a graphical user interface for creating and managing databases, as well as a SQL editor for writing and executing queries.
- Postico: This is a desktop application for Mac that provides a user-friendly interface for working with Postgres databases. It includes features such as a visual query builder, data import/export tools, and support for multiple connections.